Category: Memory



  1. Working memory used to be called short-term memory. It was redefined to focus on its functionality rather than its duration. Some cognitive psychologists, however, differentiate between working and short-term memory. They see short-term memory as involved with the brief storage of information, while working memory is involved with both storing and manipulating information.
  2. Working memory can be thought of as the equivalent of being mentally online. It refers to the temporary workspace where we manipulate and process information.
  3. No one physical location in the brain appears to be responsible for creating the capacity of working memory. But several parts of the brain seem to contribute to this cognitive structure.


One common type of retrieval failure is the Tip-of-the-tongue phenomena – you know you know the meaning of a word, or the answer to a question, but you can’t retrieve it.

But sometimes, we simply don’t encode well. Even a highly familiar item may not have a detailed representation in memory.

  • when provided with the information in memory,
  • just double check that we’ve seen it before.
  • includes: feeling of familiarity, matching, multiple. choice, True/False on exams, recognizing someone you know…


Some people’s memory is better than others.  Some people can remember things from when they were a child that others can’t.


Being tested on information helps us remember thingsbetter.

Researchers have long believed that changes in brain neurons are associated with the formation of memories. Today, most experts believe that the formation of memory is associated with the strengthening of existing connections or the growth of new connections between neurons.

The connections between nerve cells are known as synapses, and they allow information carried in the form of nerve impulses to travel from one neuron to the next. In the human brain, there are trillions of synapses forming a complex and flexible network that allows us to feel, behave and think. It is the changes in the synaptic connections in areas of the brain such as the cerebral cortex and hippocampus that is associated with the learning and retention of new information.


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Top 5 tips to help remember things better;

1) write it down

2) Getting enough sleep( at least 8 hours)

3) excersing helps relieve stress which can cause one to forget

4) Laughter ( it’s goin for the brain )

5) maintaining healthy relationships (those we surround ourselves )


Brain Injuries Affect Memory

At any age, an injury to the head and brain can cause trouble with somebody’s memory. Some people who recover from brain injuries need to learn old things all over again, like how to talk or tie their shoes.

Abusing alcohol or using illegal drugs is another way to injure the brain and cause memory problems. Hallucinogens (like LSD or PCP) can alter certain chemicals in the brain that actually make memories harder to recall.


Information stays in our short term memory for about 20 to 30 seconds. The hippocampusplays an important role in our memory


What age category do you think has the best memory?

a) 16-21

b) 22-30




What is memory?

A person’s ability to remember things