The family

The level of family stress and the positive and negative interactions of the family influence children learning aggression. Children model their behavior after adults around them, observing and imitating how others handle their anger and frustration.

The community

Communities that understand and support children’s rights are communities that support children and all their developmental stages. Places where there are supportive adults and healthy alternatives for recreation can protect children while they are learning to deal with many situations, including those that give rise to aggression.

The environment

Some studies have found that housing, schools, and neighborhoods can contribute to aggression. For example, extreme heat or overcrowding has been shown to increase aggression.

The culture

What sorts of models are children exposed to on television and in the community? When people try to solve problems with physical violence, children mistakenly learn that this is an appropriate behavior.