There are many different theories of personality. Many theories may have been taught in class, like Freud, Jung, Skinner or Rogers. The inter-personal theory of personality is almost like the opposite of behaviorism. In contrast to behaviorism, which focuses only on the external-observable, the inter-personal theory of personality concentrates on the internal. There are a few basic principles which are the building blocks of the theory. First, it states that all behavior is an attempt to avoid anxiety or select a lesser anxiety over a higher anxiety. Second, it establishes four levels of personality or behavior; the first level is the observable, what we see people do. The second level is more internal, it is what we think we do, it is important to note that someone may think they are being kind or authoritative (at the 2nd level) but on the surface, external level, others may conclude that they aren’t being kind or authoritative, this helps give insight to the individuals inter-personal make-up. The third level is much more internal and very deep and involves what an individual wants to become their ideal self or dream self, and can be correlated with sub or unconscious motivation behind some of their behavior or actions. The fourth and final level is the most complicated and involves how the person is constantly changing relative to their self and their environment. The theory incorporates a total of 16 personality types, which are as follows: Managerial, Autocraic, Responsible, Hyper-Normal, Cooperative, Over-Conventional, Docile, Dependent, Self-effacing, Masochistic, Rebellious, Distrustful, Aggressive, Sadistic, Competitive and Narcisstic. The theory also states that human interaction is a constant game of push-pull, for example, someone who is overly docile, by admiring, imitating or constantly asking for help or advice may push the other person they are interacting with to behave in a managerial type manner, give advice, lead, direct. The core of the theory is that say the docile person in the example above, they are most comfortable when being led by others or helped by others, and they form personality-behavior patterns that try to ‘push’ others into behaving that way. In this theory, psychological disorders are identified by showing a lack of some personality type (sometimes it is appropriate to be aggressive to a degree etc.) or an extreme favoritism of a personality type, for example if one is so docile and dependent that they cling to others like a vine and are completely helpless and incapable of being autonomous this can lead to problems.

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