Borderline personality disorder (BPD)affects people whom are fearful of abandonment which causes the individual to be dependent on others and have unstable relationships.  People with BPD have low self-esteem and engage in impulsive behaviors which begins in early adulthood.

Symptoms of BPD include:

  • Make frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment.
  • Have a pattern of difficult relationships caused by alternating between extremes of intense admiration and hatred of others.
  • Have an unstable self-image or be unsure of his or her own identity.
  • Act impulsively in ways that are self-damaging, such as extravagant spending, frequent and unprotected sex with many partners, substance abuse, binge eating, or reckless driving.
  • Have recurring suicidal thoughts, make repeated suicide attempts, or cause self-injury through mutilation, such as cutting or burning himself or herself.
  • Have frequent emotional overreactions or intense mood swings, including feeling depressed, irritable, or anxious. These mood swings usually only last a few hours at a time. In rare cases, they may last a day or two.
  • Have long-term feelings of emptiness.
  • Have inappropriate, fierce anger or problems controlling anger. The person may often display temper tantrums or get into physical fights.
  • Have temporary episodes of feeling suspicious of others without reason (paranoia) or losing a sense of reality.

In order to be diagnosed with a personality disorder the individual must present 5 or more symptoms which are very severe and causes issues with daily life and relationships.

BPD may cause psychosis which is defined as paranoia and a loss of reality which usually appear through a crisis. If the psychosis lasts very long than the condition may be schizophrenia.

 

If you know or are someone diagnosed with BPD it is wise to pay close attention to their behavior for the fact that BPD will cause suicidal thoughts and 1 in 10 individuals completing suicide.

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